Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt in 1929. At the age of 4, the Nazis took control of Germany and Anne and her family moved to Amsterdam. By 1940, Nazi activity kept the family in Amsterdam, and forced them into hiding in 1942. Anne and her family lived in a secret room behind a building Anne’s father owned. She kept a diary of her life in hiding from 1942 to 1944. She and her family were discovered in 1944 and were taken to concentration camps. Anne and her sister Margot were transferred from Auschwitz to Bergen Belsen where they died a few months later. Her father Otto was the only family member to survive, and later published her diary, The Diary of Anne Frank.
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This is one of the most visited museums in Amsterdam. Millions of people from all over the world visit annually, so planning your trip is important. From 01.04-01.11 it’s open from 9am-11pm, and from 01.11-01-04, it’s open from 9am-7pm. Entrance is 10,50€, but some discounts apply! You must buy your ticket online!
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Wanna learn more about the history of the building on the #Prinsengracht 263? This private home next to two warehouses was built in 1635. The land along the #Amsterdam canals was in high demand, which is why many of the properties are narrow and long. To create more living, working and storage space, so-called ‘annexes’ were built in the backyards of existing houses. Read more via link in bio. Photo: Otto Frank’s business premises, #Prinsengracht263 (in the middle), around 1947. Collection: MAI/ Amsterdam/ photographer: Carel Blazer. @amsterdam #annefrank
A total of 8 people lived in this tiny annex for just over two years. The cramped quarters will certainly emphasise how difficult it must have been to live under those conditions. The rooms are filled with personal objects, just as they were left in 1944. You enter the annex from a bookcase which concealed the living space.
Anne shared a room with Fritz Pfeffer, who was also in hiding. Despite the gravity of the atmosphere, her room walls are filled with cheery images, which likely filled her with hope in dark times.
Other rooms to see in the annex include the family’s kitchen, and other sleeping rooms. Accessibility to this area is limited however, as it’s located up a narrow set of stairs.
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Anne Frank spent 761 days in the Secret Annex. Although each day was different from the last, there was a certain rhythm to life in the Secret Annex. A #Sunday in the Secret Annex had a completely different rhythm to it and was characterised by 'scrubbing, sweeping and washing', as Anne wrote in her story 'Sunday'. The people in hiding were slow to get going. The first one to get up was Fritz Pfeffer; at 8:00 am he was the first to go to the bathroom. The Van Pels family were next. One of Anne's ‘ordeals' was watching Fritz Pfeffer pray for fifteen minutes. ‘….’ From 10:15 am onwards, it was the Frank family’s turn.Breakfast did not start until 11:30 am on Sundays. After three quarters of an hour, everyone went to work: scrubbing the carpets, doing the laundry, making the beds. After a short break, during which they listened to the news, the cleaning and tidying up continued until about two o'clock. After another round of radio news, a music program and coffee, it was time for an extended siesta. At 2 pm, they would go back to bed for a few hours. Anne did not understand ‘why the adults around here always need to sleep?’ Anne considered Sunday the most miserable day of the week. 'I wander from one room to the next, down the stairs and back up again and feel like a songbird that has had its wings torn off and flies against the bars of its cage in total darkness. “Outside, fresh air and laughter,” a voice inside me screams; I don’t even try to answer anymore, I lie down on a divan and sleep in order to shorten the time, the silence, the terrible fear too, because there is no question of killing them.'Before dinner, they listened to a concert on the radio. After dinner and the dishes, Anne was 'overjoyed', because another incredibly boring Sunday in the Secret Annex was over. #OnThisDay #sunday #instastory #instahistory #annefrank #SecretAnnex
Here you can see an exhibition dedicated to the young girl, as well as some of her original diary pages. Aside from her diary, she also kept a book of her favourite quotes, and one where she wrote short stories. Both are also on display here.
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‘Dear Kitty’ is the fictional character Anne Frank addressed many of her diary letters to. But where did the character of Kitty come from? We know more about her than you might think. Here you can read who Kitty really was and how, in Anne’s imagination, she was part of a larger circle of friends. Anne wrote that she wanted 'to correspond with someone' and invented several fictional characters (Kitty, Pop, Phien, Conny, Lou, Marjan, Jettje, and Emmy) to do so. In Anne's fantasy, these characters formed a circle of friends. She started with Jettje and Emmy, and then the name Kitty appeared. Anne addressed her as ‘Dear Kitty’, ‘My darling Kitty’, and ‘Dearest Kitty’. Although Kitty is best known for Anne's diaries, Anne did not invent the character herself. Originally, Kitty was a character in the popular Joop ter Heul series, written by Cissy van Marxveldt. These books for girls revolved around the adventures of Joop ter Heul and her friends. Kitty Francken – Anne wrote Franken (!) – was one of those friends. She was cheerful and humorous, as well as naughty and cheeky. There was this time when Cissy van Marxveldt's Kitty smuggled a children's piano into the classroom and played on it during class. She was expelled for a week. Anne had started reading the Joop ter Heul books before going into hiding and finished the whole series in the Secret Annex. Some of the books were written in the form of letters, which may have inspired Anne to use the same format for her diary. _ #annefrank #annefrankhouse #instahistory #diary #anafrank #dearkitty
The Anne Frank Museum is a great testament to human hope and perseverance. One can’t help but feel awakened after visiting such a landmark. This museum is definitely a ‘must see’ spot in Amsterdam.
Looking for more information on Amsterdam? Check out our Amsterdam Guide, Amsterdam Food Guide, and the Backpackers Guide to King’s Day in Amsterdam. The city also makes honourable mentions in our 43 Destinations, 43 Instagram Hot Spots, 15 Must Visit European Flea Markets, and the Best European Autumn & Winter Festivals.
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